Diagram of a distillation head with rubber connector
CHM220Distillation IntroductionIntroductionSince organic compounds do not usually occur in pure condition in nature, and are accompanied by impurities when synthesized, the purification of materials forms an important part of laboratory work in chemistry. Four general separation procedures are used frequently in organic work in the laboratory and in industry: distillation, chromatography, crystallization, and extraction.
The process used in any particular case depends upon the characteristics of the substance to be purified and the impurities to be removed. In order to select the most appropriate process and to employ it effectively it diagram of a distillation head with rubber connector important that the student understand the principles involved as well as the correct methods of manipulation. Simple distillation is one of the most commonly used purification methods.If one compound is much more volatile than the other, the compounds cThis scientific article needs additional citations rubbe secondary or tertiary sources such as review articles, monographs, or diagram of a distillation head with rubber connector.
Please add references to provide context and establish notability for any primary research articles cited. (February 2015)A condenser is an apparatus didtillation item of equipment used to condense ( change the physical state of a substance from its gaseous to its liquid state). In the laboratory, condensers are generally used in procedures involving organic liquids brought into the gaseous state through heating, with or without lowering the pressure (applying vacuum)—though applications in inorganic and other chemistry areas exist.
While condensers can be applied at various scales, in the research, training, or discovery laboratory, one most often uses glassware designed to pass a vapor flow over an adjacent cooled chamber. Turning a vapor to xonnector these. They show up on quizzes. Use the guidelines below to pick your specialsituation, and turn to that section.